Eco Publications

Airbnb Before, During and After COVID-19Airbnb Before, During and After COVID-19Edited by Sara Dolnicar
Publisher: The University of Queensland, 2021
241 pages, eISBN: 978-1-74272-321-1

This book explores how Airbnb has developed from its early days as a niche accommodation provider to the alternative traveller segment to a mainstream booking platform for short-term accommodation and other travel-related services. Every chapter discusses three distinct periods of time: the time before, during and after COVID-19. The pandemic has disrupted Airbnb’s growth and expansion trajectory, leading Airbnb to focus once again on the key to its success: local communities.

The book is published under a Creative Commons Attribution and is free to download at:

https://uq.pressbooks.pub/airbnb-978-1-74272-321-1/ 

Sustainable and Collaborative TourismSustainable and Collaborative TourismSustainable and Collaborative Tourism in a Digital World
Alain Decrop, Antónia Correia, Alan Fyall, Metin Kozak

ISBN: 9781911635765 HBK; 9781911635772 PBK; 9781911635789 eBook

DOI 10.23912/9781911635765-4477

With contributions from internationally regarded academic experts, Sustainable and Collaborative Tourism in a Digital World addresses two major challenges for the tourism industry. Firstly, the challenge of improving the image and the role of tourism marketing, which is often criticized as being exploitative and fuelling hedonistic consumerism. Secondly, the challenge of new and growing collaborative business models, with champions as Airbnb or Uber, that are often presented as more sustainable than traditional ones, as they empower ordinary people and promote the shared use of resources.

 This volume seeks to illustrate that marketing skills and techniques can also be used for good purposes, by understanding market needs, designing more sustainable products and identifying more persuasive methods of communication to transform tourist unsustainable behaviours. The contributions in this volume present theories, methods and empirical results for enhancing more sustainable marketing.

Sustainable and Collaborative Tourism in a Digital World offers discussion and insights from some of the world experts in the area as to how tourism marketing can evolve and advance to rise-up to these new challenges and opportunities.

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Attention Ecoclub Members: 20% Discount for our Members on all GoodFellow Publishers titles!
Contact us to obtain the discount code.

Handbook for Sustainable Tourism PractitionersHandbook for Sustainable Tourism PractitionersHandbook for Sustainable Tourism Practitioners, The Essential Toolbox
Research Handbooks in Tourism series, Edward Elgar Publishing.

Edited by Anna Spenceley, independent consultant, Chair of the IUCN WCPA Tourism and Protected Areas Specialist Group, Director of the Global Sustainable Tourism Council, Independent Advisory Panel member of Travelyst, Honorary Fellow, University of Brighton, UK and Senior Research Fellow, University of Johannesburg, South Africa
Publication Date: 2021 ISBN: 978 1 83910 088 8 Extent: 552 pp

This insightful Handbook brings together the practical guidance of over 50 international practitioners in sustainable tourism. Applying strong research design principles it provides a workable and rational toolkit for investigating practical challenges while accounting for modest timeframes and resources.

Expert contributors illustrate how to undertake environmental, socio-cultural and economic assessments that establish the feasibility of new tourism ventures and ascertain their impact over time. Chapters cover fundamentals including how to conduct feasibility studies and business plans, and address key topics such as visitor management and overcrowding. Offering how-to tools and step-by-step guidance, this Handbook combines academic insight with extensive professional experience to outline the best practices for an array of tasks to inform sustainable tourism planning, development and operation.

Incorporating concrete solutions employed in numerous contexts, this Handbook is crucial reading for practitioners of sustainable tourism and agencies commissioning sustainable tourism assignments who are in need of innovative methods and up-to-date guidance in the field. It will also benefit tourism scholars, particularly those investigating practical methodologies for creating sustainable tourism experiences.

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Neolocalism and TourismNeolocalism and TourismNeolocalism and Tourism: Understanding a Global Movement
Authors: Linda Ingram, Susan L. Slocum, Christina Cavaliere
GoodFellow Publishers, October 2020
ISBN: 9781911635604 HBK; 9781911635611 eBook
DOI: 10.23912/9781911635604-4287

Neolocalism and Tourism: Understanding a Global Movement is the first comprehensive analysis of neolocalism in the tourism context and provides a forum to discuss the latest developments, trends, and research involving tourism and neolocalism, as well as exploring new areas for consideration.

Synergies between neolocalism and tourism can contribute to a greater understanding of the complexities of sustainability through increases in community involvement, which enhances local pride and local sourcing. The role of local production, distribution, and consumption can link people to landscapes and contribute to a deeper understanding of sense of place, which in turns garners support for local enterprises and local causes.

This edited collection:

  • Outlines the theory of neolocalism and features neolocalism in relation to tourism;
  • Brings a new level of scrutiny to the stand-alone concept of “neolocal” as a rising phenomenon in sustainable tourism development and tourism product development studies;
  • Highlights the versatility and innovating applications of neolocalism within the wider tourism debate; and
  • Contains international contributions and examples (both applied and conceptual) from global experts.

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Attention Ecoclub Members: 20% Discount for our Members on all GoodFellow Publishers titles!
Contact us to obtain the discount code.

 

Relative effects of recreational activities on a temperate terrestrial wildlife assemblage
Robin Naidoo A. Cole Burton First published: 05 September 2020
https://doi.org/10.1111/csp2.271

Outdoor recreation is one of the fastest growing economic sectors in the world and provides many benefits to people. Assessing possible negative impacts of recreation is nevertheless important for sustainable management. Here, we used camera traps to assess relative effects of various recreational activities—as compared to each other and to environmental conditions—on a terrestrial wildlife assemblage in British Columbia, Canada. Across 13 species, only two negative associations between recreational activities and wildlife detections were observed at weekly scales: mountain biking on moose and grizzly bears. However, finer‐scale analysis showed that all species avoided humans on trails, with avoidance strongest for mountain biking and motorized vehicles. Our results imply that environmental factors generally shaped broad‐scale patterns of wildlife use, but highlight that recreational activities also have detectable impacts. These impacts can be monitored using the same camera‐trapping techniques that are commonly used to monitor wildlife assemblages.

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Jumpstarting a green recovery with more and better jobsJumpstarting a green recovery with more and better jobsPolicy Brief: COVID-19 and the world of work
Jump-starting a green recovery with more and better jobs, healthy and resilient societies

Key Points:

The COVID-19 pandemic exposed the multiple links between public health and the environment and made it evident that a healthy life and workplace and productive economies depend on a healthy environment.

One positive outcome from the pandemic has been a dramatic, but temporary reduction in air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions across the world.

As economies restart, there is an opportunity to develop public and private policies to address the current climate change crisis gradually and foster the transition to a green economy. The reconstruction of the economic fabric should lay the foundations for environmentally sustainable and socially inclusive production and consumption as we move into the future.

Through social dialogue, governments, workers’ and employers’ organizations have a key opportunity to forge a strong consensus and broad-based support for a sustainable recovery that promotes decent work, resilient enterprises and workplaces, and environmental sustainability.

To support a sustainable and green recovery, policies and investment towards a greener and circular economy are required, such as fast-tracking low-carbon mobility, removing distortions such as fossil fuel subsidies while providing incentives to use renewable energies, and ensuring that public funds are provided to ensure business continuity, stimulate the economy, create decent jobs, and address risks to human health and the environment.

Enterprises, supported by employers’ organizations, can build on innovative business continuity measures to scale up green innovation and entrepreneurship, enhance resilience against future shocks by integrating environmental risks and technology into enterprise risk management (ERM) practices and into climate-related financial disclosure, and invest in sustainable supply chains.

Enterprises can work with employers’ and workers’ organizations to identify and implement best environmental practices at workplace level. Consumers can further embrace sustainable consumption patterns that allow human well-being and the fulfilment of individual and collective aspirations, while reducing waste and paving a way to meet the needs of present and future generations.

Build back better: the ILO offers a range of programmes, initiatives and tools to advance decent work, social justice and environmental sustainability simultaneously.

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 Caribbean Community Based Tourism (CBT) Toolkit

Caribbean Community Based Tourism (CBT) Toolkit. (English). Barbados.  Interamerican Development Bank, Compete Caribbean Partnership Facility.

Prepared by Judy Karwacki, Small Planet Consulting, and Euromonitor. 2019.

The Compete Caribbean Partnership Facility (CCPF), a multi-donor funded facility that is administered by the IDB, in collaboration with the Caribbean Tourism Organization have prepared a Caribbean Community Based Tourism (CBT) toolkit. The aim is to provide practical tools to support clusters focused on the tourism and agrotourism niches. The toolkit includes a Community-Based Tourism Enterprise Handbook, a CBT Readiness Diagnostic Tool, a Tourism Assets Inventory and Community Profile Template, all of which cluster stakeholders can use to develop and/or enhance their tourism products and experiences. These tools were prepared by Judy Karwacki of Small Planet Consulting Inc., a long time Ecoclub member. The toolkit also includes primary market research study of US-based consumers, prepared by Euromonitor, which assesses the demand for innovative CBT products and services that can be offered in the Caribbean and visitor willingness to pay for these experiences.

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Cabo Verde: The Potential of Local Experiences and Online Marketplaces to Diversify Tourism (English). Washington, D.C.: World Bank Group.

Written by Judy Karwacki for World Bank Group. 2019.

A pivotal shift in consumer sentiment about travel is taking place across the globe where people of all ages are seeking more immersive and meaningful 'local experiences' when they travel. More of these consumers are purchasing tours and activities through online marketplaces, a new distribution channel in the tourism sector. These developments come together to create opportunities for Cabo Verde, which has a wealth of friendly local people and a diversity of communities and culture, the vital ingredients needed to create local experiences. They help to mitigate three of the main impediments Cabo Verdean entrepreneurs and MSE's (micro and small enterprises) face when they try to enter the tourism value chain: limited market access, insufficient capital, and a lack of tourism knowledge and skills. The objective of this scoping study is to investigate the potential for Cabo Verde to develop and market local experiences through online marketplaces. 

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The Case for Responsible Travel: Trends & Statistics 2020

Dear Responsible Travelers,

It is my pleasure to share with you our latest report, The Case for Responsible Travel: Trends & Statistics 2020, a special edition on lessons from COVID-19 for tourism in a changing climate.

This annual meta-analysis comes at an unprecedented time due to the COVID-19 pandemic. COVID-19 has highlighted the immense need and value of tourism, while fundamentally changing the way destinations, businesses, and travelers will plan, manage, and experience tourism. At the same time, climate change remains an existential threat that has real consequences for destinations and communities everywhere. 

That said, tourism was frankly on a path of self-destruction for decades, valuing profits at the expense of people, planet, and purpose. COVID-19 has proven that simply stopping tourism is not enough to meet the challenges of the climate crisis. Crisis often breeds innovation, and destination communities and businesses must now take the time to reconsider the path forward. As we look to the future of tourism, the same rigor and dedication that is needed to adapt to the pandemic must also be applied to neutralize the threat of climate change. 

As I note in the report, “Post COVID, there will be a profound shift in the competitive landscape in the travel and tourism sector, with preparation and effective risk management, adaptation and resilience, and decarbonization being fundamental to future competitiveness and relevance.” With the compounding threats of climate change and COVID-19, we must share knowledge and case studies that provide genuine lessons learned, and we must take unified action to develop solutions for our planet and its people.

Prepared in collaboration with more than 30 leading tourism organizations, researchers, and institutions, The Case for Responsible Travel: Trends & Statistics 2020 shares key studies on COVID-19 and climate change and what lessons may be applied from the pandemic to meet the challenges of the climate crisis. In addition to general consumer, business, and destination trends in the context of recovery, we explore the unprecedented opportunity to mitigate two existential threats with one coordinated approach, truly making the world a safer, more equitable, and more resilient place for all.

I invite you to explore CREST’s Trends and Statistics report and to discover real world examples of how destinations, companies, and travelers can adapt and be more resilient to the dynamic changes unfolding in our world today.

Yours in responsible travel,

Gregory Miller, Ph.D.

Executive Director

Center for Responsible Travel (CREST)

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Enabling Ecotourism Development in Cambodia

Rawlins, Maurice; Kornexl, Werner; Baral, Sumit; Baromey, Neth; Martin, Natasha; Ray, Nick. 2020. Enabling Ecotourism Development in Cambodia. World Bank, Washington, DC. © World Bank. https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/34321 License: CC BY 3.0 IGO.

Cambodia’s tourism industry is a key contributor to its economic growth. However, a recent slowdown in the growth of tourism points to a need to diversify Cambodia’s tourism sector. Cambodia’s spectacular and pristine natural assets are exactly what ecotourists look for and the opportunities for supporting the expansion of this industry are great. Developing the ecotourism industry can create jobs and provide stimulus for rural economies and building livelihoods in rural areas especially important now due to the impacts of COVID-19 (Coronavirus). Developing ecotourism can produce the revenues needed to help manage Cambodia’s extensive Protected Area (PA) network and protect the important economic services provided by the forests in the PAs. This report has been structured around the important issues and challenges that relate to the ecotourism industry in Cambodia. Each one is an integral part of the ecotourism story. The analysis and information provided leads to the section on the recommendations for enhancing an enabling environment for ecotourism in Cambodia.

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